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Ceylon Med J. 2009 Dec;54(4):124-7.

Selected determinants and sequelae of exclusive breastfeeding up to six months among infants attending chosen well baby clinics in the Colombo District.

Bandusena AS, Warnasuriya ND.

Postgraduate Institute of Medicine, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

OBJECTIVES: To ascertain determinants and impact of the duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for four to six months on growth and incidence of respiratory tract and diarrhoeal infections DESIGN AND SETTING: A descriptive cross-sectional study of infants aged 4-6 months, visiting selected well baby clinics in Colombo. MEASUREMENTS: An interviewer administered questionnaire to determine duration and determinants of EBF and incidence of infections was used. Growth faltering was ascertained by perusing the growth chart. RESULTS: The EBF rate for 4 months and beyond was 52.1% with only 3.6% being exclusively breastfed for 5 months and none for 6 months. 61% attending hospital clinics had EBF for 4 or more months as compared to 42% at community clinics. Higher level of maternal education, EBF of earlier child for longer duration, greater number of antenatal clinic visits, hearing the optimal duration of EBF via media, being well instructed on expressed breast milk and Caesarean section delivery were positively associated with EBF of 4 months and beyond. Being underweight for age (<>

PMID: 20052854 [PubMed - in process]


J Fam Health Care. 2009;19(5):164-8.

Upper respiratory tract infection in infants from a nutritional perspective.

Purssell E.

Department of Primary and Intermediate Care, Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King's College, London.

Upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) are very common throughout infancy and childhood, with many children getting multiple infections throughout their lives. Most of these are caused by viruses, and so there is no specific treatment beyond that required to control the symptoms, and few infants and children will benefit from the administration of antibiotics. This paper summarises the evidence about the identification and treatment of these infections and discusses the effects of nutrition.

PMID: 19911732 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2009 May-Jun;37(3):135-42. Epub 2009 Jul 23.

Risk factors and prevalence of asthma in schoolchildren in Castellon (Spain): a cross-sectional study.

Arnedo-Pena A, Puig-Barberà J, Bellido-Blasco JB, Pac-Sa MR, Campos-Cruañes JB, Artero-Sivera A, Museros-Recatalá L.

Sección de Epidemiología, Centro Salud Pública, Castellón, Spain.

BACKGROUND: Research on potential risk factors of asthma can enhance our understanding of geographic differences and inform decisions on preventive strategies. METHODS: In 2002, a cross-sectional population-based study was carried out in the area of Castellon (Spain), following the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase III methodology. Asthma symptoms and related risk factor questionnaires were completed by parents of 6-7 year-old schoolchildren. Logistic regression was used in the analysis. RESULTS: Participation rate was 88 % (4492 of 4872 schoolchildren). Prevalence of wheeze in the past year, asthma ever, and physician-diagnosed asthma were 8 %, 7 % and 6 %, respectively. Risk factors independently associated with all three asthma case definitions were history of bronchitis or pneumonia, allergic rhinitis, family members with atopic disease, and residing in an industrialised area. Risk factors for asthma ever and physician-diagnosed asthma were male sex, atopic eczema and presence of a dog at home; exclusive breast-feeding and the presence of another animal (not a dog or cat) were protective factors. Maternal age was inversely related to physician-diagnosed asthma. Residence in an area of heavy truck traffic and the father smoking at home were associated with asthma ever. Risk factors for wheeze in the past year were low social class, history of sinusitis and the father smoking at home. CONCLUSIONS: Environmental factors are related to the presence of asthma. Preventive measures should be directed to improving air pollution, promoting breast-feeding and reducing smoking in the home.

PMID: 19769846 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Results: 1 to 21

1. Limited progress in increasing coverage of neonatal and child-health interventions in Africa and Asia. Boschi-Pinto C, Bahl R, Martines J. J Health Popul Nutr. 2009 Dec;27(6):755-62.PMID: 20099759 [PubMed - in process]Related articles

2. Selected determinants and sequelae of exclusive breastfeeding up to six months among infants attending chosen well baby clinics in the Colombo District. Bandusena AS, Warnasuriya ND. Ceylon Med J. 2009 Dec;54(4):124-7.PMID: 20052854 [PubMed - in process]Related articles

3. Novel H1N1 virus infection and pregnancy. Satpathy HK, Lindsay M, Kawwass JF. Postgrad Med. 2009 Nov;121(6):106-12. Review.PMID: 19940421 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articlesFree article

4. Upper respiratory tract infection in infants from a nutritional perspective. Purssell E. - J Fam Health Care. 2009;19(5):164-8.PMID: 19911732 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articles

5. A summary of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's evidence report on breastfeeding in developed countries. Ip S, Chung M, Raman G, Trikalinos TA, Lau J. Breastfeed Med. 2009 Oct;4 Suppl 1:S17-30. Review.PMID: 19827919 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articles

6. Respiratory syncytial virus, human bocavirus and rhinovirus bronchiolitis in infants. Midulla F, Scagnolari C, Bonci E, Pierangeli A, Antonelli G, De Angelis D, Berardi R, Moretti C. Arch Dis Child. 2010 Jan;95(1):35-41. Epub 2009 Oct 11.PMID: 19822538 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articles

7. Risk factors and prevalence of asthma in schoolchildren in Castellon (Spain): a cross-sectional study. Arnedo-Pena A, Puig-Barberà J, Bellido-Blasco JB, Pac-Sa MR, Campos-Cruañes JB, Artero-Sivera A, Museros-Recatalá L. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2009 May-Jun;37(3):135-42. Epub 2009 Jul 23.PMID: 19769846 [PubMed - indexed for mEDLINE]Related articlesFree article

8. Promoting breast-feeding: fewer infections than in bottle-fed babies. Very few contraindications to breast-feeding. [No authors listed] Prescrire Int. 2009 Aug;18(102):178. No abstract available. PMID: 19746576 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articles

9. Influence of ambient air pollutant sources on clinical encounters for infant bronchiolitis. Karr CJ, Demers PA, Koehoorn MW, Lencar CC, Tamburic L, Brauer M. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009 Nov 15;180(10):995-1001. Epub 2009 Aug 27.PMID: 19713450 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articles

10. Life prevalence of upper respiratory tract diseases and asthma among children residing in rural area near a regional industrial park: cross-sectional study. Karakis I, Kordysh E, Lahav T, Bolotin A, Glazer Y, Vardi H, Belmaker I, Sarov B. Rural Remote Health. 2009 Jul-Sep;9(3):1092. Epub 2009 Jul 30.PMID: 19645525 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articlesFree article

11. Breastfeeding protects against infectious diseases during infancy in industrialized countries. A systematic review. Duijts L, Ramadhani MK, Moll HA. Matern Child Nutr. 2009 Jul;5(3):199-210.PMID: 19531047 [PubMed - in process]Related articles

12. Safety of neuraminidase inhibitors against novel influenza A (H1N1) in pregnant and breastfeeding women. Tanaka T, Nakajima K, Murashima A, Garcia-Bournissen F, Koren G, Ito S. CMAJ. 2009 Jul 7;181(1-2):55-8. Epub 2009 Jun 15. Review. No abstract available. PMID: 19528139 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articlesFree article

13. [Usefulness of different risk factor associations in predicting admissions due to respiratory syncytial virus in premature newborns of 32 to 35 weeks gestation in Spain] Figueras-Aloy J, Quero-Jiménez J, Fernández-Colomer B, Guzmán-Cabañas J, Echaniz-Urcelay I, Doménech-Martínez E; Grupo IRIS. An Pediatr (Barc). 2009 Jul;71(1):47-53. Epub 2009 Jun 12. Spanish. PMID: 19524492 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articlesFree article

14. Respiratory infection, exposure to mouse allergen and breastfeeding: role in recurrent wheezing in early life. Rullo VE, Arruda LK, Cardoso MR, Valente V, Zampolo AS, Nóbrega F, Naspitz CK, Solé D. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2009;150(2):172-8. Epub 2009 May 12.PMID: 19439983 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articles

15. Breastfeeding reduces the severity of respiratory syncytial virus infection among young infants. Infant respiratory syncytial virus infection study group, Nishimura T, Suzue J, Kaji H. - Pediatr Int. 2009 Apr 3. [Epub ahead of print]PMID: 19419530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]Related articles

16. Effect of passive smoking on growth and infection rates of breast-fed and non-breast-fed infants. Yilmaz G, Hizli S, Karacan C, Yurdakök K, Coşkun T, Dilmen U. Pediatr Int. 2009 Jun;51(3):352-8. Epub 2008 Nov 26.PMID: 19400822 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articles

17. Routine supplement of prebiotics and probiotics to newborn infants is not recommended. Shafai T. Pediatrics. 2009 Mar;123(3):e543-4; author reply e544. No abstract available. PMID: 19254990 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articles

18. Factors determining the outcome of children hospitalized with severe pneumonia. Tiewsoh K, Lodha R, Pandey RM, Broor S, Kalaivani M, Kabra SK. BMC Pediatr. 2009 Feb 23;9:15.PMID: 19236689 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articlesFree article

19. Breastfeeding prevents severe disease in full term female infants with acute respiratory infection. Libster R, Bugna Hortoneda J, Laham FR, Casellas JM, Israele V, Polack NR, Delgado MF, Klein MI, Polack FP. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009 Feb;28(2):131-4.PMID: 19131900 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articles

20. Strategies for preventing respiratory syncytial virus. Forbes M. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2008 Dec 1;65(23 Suppl 8):S13-9.PMID: 19020197 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articles

21. [Tuberculosis, the old fellow] Tresselt C, Hösli I. Ther Umsch. 2008 Dec;65(12):721-5. German. PMID: 19048529 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articles